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Archive for the ‘Essay’ Category

ANUVRAT- A Solution Against Terrorism

Posted by Ramesh Khati on July 16, 2009

Vinita Pradhan

By:-Vinita Pradhan

‘Terrorism’ is a word that makes everyone shudders with intense fear. It can be best defined as the systematic process where-by using terror in variety of ways as a means of attaining the desired goals by force. As its results, there is an increasing sense of fear, insecurity all around and danger seems to lurk at almost every minute, every step in most countries, particularly those where there are specific causes for unrest – local, regional, national or international.

Terrorism has become an international phenomenon breaking all the barriers. It is not confined to any single region, state or country. Invasions, conventional attacks or riots can be prevented effectively but Terrorism from within are such worse things that they do not have any kind of satisfactory preventive measures.

People, especially in public areas, face the unexpected and untold misery. In a moment, peace and happiness gets covered with terror, fear and deaths. Suddenly, drama of untold misery takes place in most unlikely places, holding whole communities, regions and nations to ransom.

Most of the time, we question, ‘What do these people get by killing thousands of innocent people? , Why do they attack? ’. The answer is quite simple, they act out of desperation where they gain nothing except bad name and hatred and curses of millions of people.

They ill-fame their society, group or community from which they belong. The other reason may be to quench the thirst of revenge. Almost every sensible person condemns terrorism straightaway and honestly believes that it serves no purpose. It is an unfortunate fact that the future generations, the youths are being used as ‘mohra’ to practice this sin. Youngsters are lured by money and promises of adventure and excitement. They are brainwashed filled with hatred against world and peace. All they want is destruction. We can clearly know how much they are desperate to destroy world peace. The attack of 9/11 in US at World Trade Center and Pentagon marks an unforgetful event and the disaster it spread all round. The recent attack on the prestigious hotels of India was one of the biggest acts of terrorism. There are lots of examples of terrorist attacks that have happened in the past.

The only way to stop this terrorism is that those in authority should understand their responsibility and see to it that no groups, sections or classes of society are discriminated and are actually treated equal before law and enjoy equal protection of law. The differences between India and Pakistan have been a long one. Not only the government, it is also our responsibility to try to stop terrorism. We are the ones to get into issues regarding castes, religion and communities which are one of the major factors of increasing terrorism.
The menace of terrorism, by no means is unfamiliar to the upcoming generations. The whole world is captured under the fear of it. There can be no doubt that terrorism is the ugliest face or picture of political dissent anywhere. However laudable the cause for which the terrorists may be fighting, their way of fighting is treacherous and cowardly.

Terrorism is a phenomenon which must be condemned universally and unequivocally. It can be only cured through universal education and full employment. It is a criminal act that influences an audience beyond the immediate victim. They plan their targets to obtain greatest publicity and attack them showing what they oppose. It is a practice of ruthlessness n inhumanity.

The solution to this problem has been the most difficult to find out. Everyday government and people pledge to root out terrorism but all these are in vain. We must be find an effective method. The youths from poor and rural areas must be given proper education and jobs so that they are not lured to terrorism where easy money is available. Military forces and intelligence agencies must try to finish off the base and training camps of these groups, though, they are spread all over the world like a vast ocean. But if the whole world joins hands to fight against this terrorism then we would be able to end this long continuous struggle. But for that, we must forget and compromise our internal disputes with each other.

We need to realize and understand that it is us only who have the power together fight back this terrorism. Together we can build a more stable and peaceful world. All we need is unity and understanding between each country. It is important to understand that the actual terrorist operations are the result of extensive preparations and support operations. Media reports and academic studies have mainly focused on the terrorist’s intend. This neglects the vital but less exciting topic of preparation and support operations. Significant efforts and co-ordination is required to finance group operations, procure weapons, conduct target surveillance or analysis and train the trainees. While the time and effort extended by the terrorists may be a drop in the bucket compared to the amounts spent to defend against them, the operation still can involve large amount of money and groups of people. The need for dedicated support activities and resources on simple operations are significant and get larger, greater the sophistication of the plan and the complexity of the target. We have to find solutions against this and spend more time, money and efforts to fight them back. We, the common people must be more careful while being in public areas or in significant places. Though, we can’t stop them, atleast a little carefulness can save thousands of innocent lives.

It is the duty of all mankind to act immediately to end terrorism by the roots.


The writer Vinita Pradhan is a student of class-XII(Arts) of MICE Academy Aizawl,Mizoram. She 0riginally hails from Silchar,Assam. She  has a keen interest in Writing.



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Nepal’s Troubled Society

Posted by Ramesh Khati on May 7, 2009

By :Kamala Sarup

Nepal’s failure to recognize and treat social ills has created conditions that are not conducive to its electoral process and hamper the development of democracy. The ability of the people to make intelligent voting decisions is obstructed by their daily struggle for food and shelter. It is difficult for them to understand the virtues of democracy on a hungry stomach, and hard to make informed decisions based on a lack of education. It is difficult to exercise democratic rights in the absence of independent, responsible, political leaders, especially while struggling to protect life and limb due to continued acts of violence.

Political theory holds that a sustainable democracy is one in which the work and accomplishments of the elected representatives prove more useful to the people than to the candidates themselves. However, Nepal’s political deadlock has caused a static condition whereby the actions of elected representatives result only in personal wealth and private gains. These conditions spark social unrest and rebellious

Social conditions that foster the implementation of democratic reforms include a free and responsible press and a universal public education system. These are necessary to raise the literacy of the people and create awareness of the political, economic and social changes affecting them. These would help the Nepali electorate to effectively judge politicians and not re-elect those whose actions in office have
been either questionable or have failed to yield productive results in addressing social problems.

Running a government is not easy. Human nature dictates and translates various forms of governance into viable action, often with distorting effects. Democracy is no different. Winston Churchill once remarked, “It has been said that democracy is the worst form of government except all the others that have been tried.” This may be true, but democracy offers the best hope and protection for human beings’ basic

In the historical context, democratic experiments in South America and Europe were not always successful when first adopted. This suggests that several variants suitable to specific cultures and locations may be necessary before a workable model is achieved.

In the United States, often cited as the most successful democracy in the world, economic success and personal freedoms are the result of a long process rather than a sudden emergence from a static state. The U.S. Civil War, fought primarily over the expansion of slavery in various states, showed that the democratic principles that emerged from it were different from the ones that created it. Though repeated cycles of boom and bust in the U.S. business cycle led to the Great Depression in the 1930’s, President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “New Deal” program between 1933 and1938 brought relief, recovery and reform.

Though disputed, it nevertheless gave more rights to unions and encouraged the common person to actively participate in democratic decision-making.

What can Nepal, where democratic traditions are not as developed learn from all this? First, it must understand the dynamics of its own local conditions and cultural diversity, which must shape its own democratic model. After all, there is no “one size fits all” model available.

Second, it must nurture the components of a democratic society — education, press and human rights, including women’s rights.

The cornerstone of democracy in Nepal must be firmly set in universal free education and equal economic opportunity. If democracy is indeed a process as we know it, then creating favorable conditions for its growth will only aid the Nepali people in realizing its benefits as quickly as possible.

This article was originally published by United Press Internationa

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Drug Addiction

Posted by Ramesh Khati on April 20, 2009

A drug addict injects heroin into himself on the roadside

A drug addict injects heroin into himself on the roadside

An Indian man receives a drug injection on the road side in Mumbai

An Indian man receives a drug injection on the road side in Mumbai

Drug Addiction is a major social evil of modern times. It recognizes no boundaries and detonates everything on its way.Actually, drugs means the chemical or a mixture of chemical used for the treatment of diseases. But in this context, a drug is that chemical that is used by a person intentionally to experience ease and relaxation or exhilaration.
Drug addiction means the physical dependence upon a drug , an abnormal craving for the chemical. If a drug addict is allowed to keep on taking drugs and he might suffer from convulsion, depression, vomiting and other serious conditions.
Researchers have done a lot of survey on why people take drugs. Approximately 15% of the users prone to this habit due to friends at school or colleges; they are easily swayed by them and resort to drugs. It has also been seen that students who are shy, introvert suffer from emotional disturbance, inferiority complex take to drugs easily. There are some other factors, which directly or indirectly are responsible for youngsters, who take to this habit. They can be lack of lack of parental care, lack of moral and religious education, media and pop culture, broken homes etc. The addicts may use a variety of substances like heroine, smacks, morphine, brown sugar, etc. There are other like Cocaine, Speed, Crack and Whiz. The addicts may also use some others like LSD, Marijuana, Cannabis and Hashish.
Heroin is one drug which produces a sense of euphoria, but if taken in large doses it may cause convulsions or even death. Cocaine causes exhilaration but at same time may cause blood pressure, insomnia, etc. Cannabis can make a person jovial, but can also cause disorientation, coma and may also make the user aggressive and violent, whereas Hashish may cause damage to the body organs and raise the blood pressure level.
Drugs user are always at risk of variety of diseases. Addiction to drugs is not an individual problem but is looming large as a social problem for which a solution must be found quickly. In India, drug users have been increased manifold and something needs to be done very soon, There are many NGOs working in this field and they are doing good work but the government must also come forward to help these NGOs by establishing rehabilitation centers for former users.
The basic factor responsible for the proneness to drugs is the sickening emotional and psychological surrounding that leaves the victim with no other options than to seek momentary escape from mental tensions.
If the children are given proper care by the parents, these problems will not arise at all. They may not be compelled to try floating sensations. If that happens, a large number of young men and women will be saved from this curse.So we should help them in order to save their life.

Contributed By: Gopal Gautam

Gopal Gautam (Kolasib Mizoram)

Gopal Gautam (Kolasib Mizoram)

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Posted by Ramesh Khati on April 16, 2009

Pinky Pradhan

Pinky Pradhan

Written By: Pinky Pradhan

The Indian Idol 2008 and the subsequent win of ‘Prashant Tamang’, not only catapulted Indian Nepali / ‘Gorkhali’ community to the mainstream; it also brought it closer to my life. I was brought up in a multi-cultural set-up and environment of Guwahati city, Assam, India. During my childhood, I was influenced by the language and culture of my friends who belonged to Assamese, and other tribal communities of Assam. My interaction with my own community was limited since there were only a few of us in my neighborhood (most of them were my cousins) and school. I saw no difference between my friends and me, except for the fact that they didn’t understand the language I spoke at home or the specific customs we followed and celebrated. It didn’t strike me at that point that it was so because I belonged to a minority and scattered population. It was during my growing years that this reality grew more real and certain questions started bothering me about the identity of my community.

As a teenager, I remember being ridiculed and called by names such as ‘kanchee’ and the song ‘kancha re, kanchee re’. I would fight back saying that I am not a kanchee. Such was my anger and frustration that one day after being subjected to countless such teasing and derogatory remarks; I hurt two rowdy neighborhood boys (of my age) by throwing stones at them. It’s a separate story that their wailing mothers created quite a scene at my house.

I was so antagonized with numerous such incidents, that I sub-consciously started distancing myself from my community. In public places, I would try to speak in Assamese , rather than my own language , with my parents and relatives. It all seems so ridiculous now.

Except for the language and the festivals (dassain and Bhanu Jayanti particularly) we celebrated, I kept myself away from further association and exposure to it. However, the fact of the matter is, one cannot run away from his or her identity / roots, culture and family. Ironically, during the year 1999, I was adjudged Miss Personality of Cotton College for presenting my community – dressed in chaubandi cholo- a traditional Gorkhali wear. The occasion even made me popular than before and was instrumental in my historic win as the ‘Debating and Symposium Secretary’.

I have to admit, that it was only recently that I started developing a desire to know about my community, its history, personalities and its angst. Off course I shouldn’t forget my brother Kamal, who with his passionate zeal influences me over and again. I started reading, interacting, understanding and even attempted at penning down my interpretation of it. Soon, the desire changed into a thirst to know more and more. This took me to the meeting held on December 21 2008 at Jantar Mantar, New Delhi organized by Bharatiya Gorkha Parishangh. A huge melee of people: young and old alike, women and men from different states and background, had assembled to discuss issues pertaining to Gorkhaland. I felt a surge of emotion, as I heard passionate speeches and met with people who had only one dream ‘Unity and oneness of Gorkahilis’.

I understood the importance that Darjeeling has in our lives. Its status as a Gorkhaland will not only give us our due rights but most importantly bind us as one. It doesn’t matter that we were not born in that pristine hill, what really matters is that it will give us our long deserving status.

I came away from that meeting with a promise to myself. I promised to be with my brethren in this movement. I promised to make my voice loudest while demanding our rights. I promised to take pride in the fact that I am part of a community which is known for its fearless valor and integrity.

About the writer:-

A native of Guwahati, Pinky is a development communication practitioner and is actively engaged with issues relating to drug abuse, human trafficking, environment conservation and poverty alleviation. She is currently engaged as a communication and advocacy practitioner with a bi-lateral agency called United Nations. She is also a writer and regularly contributes for gorkhatimes,beacon online; merinews.com, the Northeast Today, assamtimes.org, thesouthasian.org among others.

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Voice against Casteism

Posted by Ramesh Khati on April 15, 2009

Balakrishna Karki, Bangalore

Balakrishna Karki, Bangalore

Written By:- Balakrishna Karki

Edited and Reproduced By:- Ramesh Khati

I have noticed the presence of this caste feeling among Gorkhalis.
And of course in North East India. I often hear many incidents happening in my village and near by areas in Assam.
We call ourselves Gorkhalis, but we are having ill feelings amongst ourselves in the form of caste system addressing ourselves upper caste or lower caste and what not.
Rather than focusing our concerns to the development of the society, people are more interested or should we say engulfed in caste issues.
They send their kids to school, in the school they learn caste system is an anti social element. But as soon as they return home they find it other way round. The society is more concerned about the castes. Kid with the so called upper caste family are wrongly fed with wrong thoughts and made to believe that they are superior then the kids belonging to lower caste. And the lower caste kid is filled with hatred of being looked down upon by the upper castes. All together what we get is the forest of ill feelings.
These days, though people remain quiet and hardly express their feeling for caste. But as soon as they get a chance, its amazing watching the excitement and interest they show.
Things and time have changed. Specially those who are correctly educated (just having a degree does not make one literate or educated) , have to understand that this is wrong and later on going to affect our growth, unity and brotherhood. So many of us are moving out of that place or society where this discrimination still persists. Nothing’s wrong in that, one should go wherever he or she desires but changing neighbour hood will not solve the problem. But the question here is who is the sufferer ? And the answer would be those who are innocent, uneducated rather ignorant people of our village.
I feel, casteism is a major problem amongst us. For our growth and betterment, we should stand together and live better life with peace and love.
Friends, please put your views. We can’t pose a revolution .. true !!!! But we can at least spread the awareness in what ever way we can.
We being a part of society where we are born and brought up, we need to tell the truth, educate people, guide them instead of supporting them and stop ourselves from igniting ill feelings against each other.

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Hello world know us the brave Gorkhas

Posted by Ramesh Khati on April 6, 2009

Welcome to Gorkhatimes.wordpress.com

Posted in Articles, Essay, Gorkhali Culture, Gorkhali Music and Videos | 1 Comment »