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Veer Shaheed Major Durga Malla

Posted by Ramesh Khati on August 24, 2009

A Glimpse At The Life Of Veer Shaheed Major Durga Malla

Shaheed Major Durga Malla

Shaheed Major Durga Malla

Countless Gorkhas have fought and made sacrifices for our beloved nation. From the freedom struggle to the heights of Kargil, Gorkhas have always been at the forefront in the defence of our country. Shaheed Durga Malla belongs to the front rank of Gorkha heroes martyred for the cause of our country’s freedom. He epitomized the fighting spirit and ardent patriotism of Indian Gorkhas.

His Family and Early Life

Born on 1 July 1913 at village Doiwala in Dehradun district of Uttaranchal, Durga Malla was the eldest of the four sons of Parwati Devi and Ganga Ram Malla. Ganga Ram Malla was Jamadar (now called Naib-Subedar) of Gorkha Rifles in the Military and Parwati Devi a housewife. With the passage of time, this family was blessed with three more sons and three daughters. The eldest among the four brothers, Durga Malla was an extremely self-respecting, laborious, dedicated and honest person.

The ancestors of Durga Malla had been living in Doiwala area since the eighteenth  century. Their main was agriculture and service in military forces. Growing sugarcane crop, preparing ‘gur’ and sugar; and selling them in the market was also part of their profession.

Smt Sharda Malla

Smt Sharda Malla

Since his childhood, Durga Malla was different in nature from other children of his age . Besides having a keen interest in sports, particularly football, Durga Malla has a great fascination for literary and social activities. He was very good at studies. But due to the absence of proper educational facilities in Doiwala area, he had to join Gorkha Military Middle School, at present Gorkha Military Inter College, near Dehradun. Since the school was quite far from Doiwala, he shifted to his paternal uncle Kedar Malla’s house at Nalapani. He used to go to school on foot along with one or two of his friends, covering a distance of about 8 or 9 miles everyday. Despite being tired on return from school late in the evening, he never neglected his studies and always stood first in his class.

Durga Malla had drawn inspiration from the poet and social reformer Subedar-Major Bahadur Singh Baral and the musician and playwright Mitra Sen Thapa. He was greatly inspired by the prominent Gandhian freedom fighters of Dehradun like Thakur Chandan Singh, Veer Khadagabahadur Singh Bisht, Pandit  Ishwaranand Gorkha and Amar Singh Thapa. The Dandi March of Mahatma Gandhi in 1930 to violate ‘salt rule’ started generating patriotic sentiments in the heart of Durga Malla, motivating him to take part in the freedom struggle. He could see the vision of the freedom of India under the leadership of Mahatma Gandhi.

Broze Statue Of Maj. Durga Malla

Broze Statue Of Maj. Durga Malla

At the time of the Satyagraha movement, Durga Malla  was only a student of ninth class, but he was actively engaged in anti-British activities in his locality. He used to enter the Gorkha battalion area in the night with some of his friends to paste posters of freedom struggle. Sometimes, he participated in processions with freedom  fighters. Due to his anti-British activities, his family was frequently subjected to severe interrogation by the British Government.

The very Smarak(Gallows) at Delhi District Jail where Shaheed Durga Malla was hanged by the Britishers on 25th August 1944.

The very Smarak(Gallows) at Delhi District Jail where Shaheed Durga Malla was hanged by the Britishers on 25th August 1944.

Durga Malla was in his youth in 1930. He always remained worried and restless at the plight of the Gorkha society. The following lines, composed by Durga Malla and published in the book Thakur Chandan Singh authored by Magan ‘Pathik’ writer -editor and poet of ‘Bhaksu’, reflect his sentiments and restlessness in his heart for self-respect—

Dikhao aakar Bhagwan, susupt jaati ko rah;                                                                                                                         

Kya  hua hamein, kyon hui aaj mati mand;

Virata, pourush ke karan mili veer Gorkha ki upadhi;                                                                                                      

o   here ke saman tha ujjwal, kyon hua maati tulya

Aaj dekhkar yeh, kuchh kah nahin sakta;                                                                                                              

Kab janeinge yah apne kartavya, sabhi ke ude hain hosh.

Kaise mila janm inhen, badal gaye saare;                                                                                                        

Karate hain apnon ki chugali, pyar bantne ke badle.     

Chali gai purkhon ki pratishtha, Jaat hui badnam;                                                                                              

Sirf bacha hai manav chola, kyon banate ho maati.

‘Durga’ likh raha hai lekh, prabhu choor karo inka darp;                                                                                

Netra hon, to ab bhi dekho, anya logon ki chalane ki rah   

 

     Durga Malla was also deeply concerned about the subjugation of India and the pathetic condition of the country. Therefore, he joined the freedom struggle to free the country from the shackles of slavery. This  was the time when the police in Dehradun was frantically arresting freedom fighters. As a result, freedom fighters started migrating to other places from Dehradun. To dodge the police, Durga Malla, who was a young student, went away to the house of a relative at Dharamshala in Himachal Pradesh.

In 1931, when he was only eighteen years old, he joined the 2/1 battalion of Gorkha Rifles. In his battalion, Durga Malla was comparatively a more educated recruit. Therefore, after completing ‘recruit training’, he was sent to Pune for ‘signal training’. In the course of time, he attained excellence in several other military trainings. On the basis of his dedicated services and efficiency, he got quick promotions and after a few years, was promoted to the important post of Signal Hawaldar.

  In 1941, after serving the army for about ten years, Durga Malla married Sharda Devi, a girl of Thakuri family of district Kangra, Himachal Pradesh. But fate had something else in store for him. It was the time of the Second World War. Japanese aggression had become more violent in Burma, Malaya and Singapore. The 2/1 battalion of Gorkha Rifles was also ordered to advance for the war- field. Just three days after his marriage Durga Malla got an emergent call from his unit. He was called back for war by the Army even before his newly married bride Sharda Devi could get acquainted with him.

Participation in the Second World War

Statue of Shaheed Durga Malla(left) with the statue of Shaheed Dal Bahadur Thapa (Capt. INA) at Shaheed Smriti Vatika, Darigaon, Dharamsala, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

Statue of Shaheed Durga Malla(left) with the statue of Shaheed Dal Bahadur Thapa (Capt. INA) at Shaheed Smriti Vatika, Darigaon, Dharamsala, District Kangra, Himachal Pradesh.

  Being a true patriot, Durga Malla did not get upset while leaving his newly married bride alone back at home. He marched for war with utmost courage. When his battalion reached Secunderabad, he was sanctioned leave for 28 days and given an opportunity to reach home and meet his family members before departing for Malaya. From Secunderabad, his battalion reached Bombay and on 23 August 1941 departed for Malaya from the Bombay sea-port. By September 1941, all the Gorkha battalions  had reached Malaya. Following an attack on 8 December 1941 by Japan to the Allied Forces deployed in South-East Asia, the war was declared. By 11 December 1941, the condition of the British Forces weakened. Gradually, Japanese forces tightened their grip over the war.

   Never before in the history of British rule had the Indian soldiers felt so demoralized as did in Malaya and subsequently at other places in South-East Asia. In December 1941, a group of Indian soldiers lost themselves in the jungle. One of their officers, Captain Mohan Singh decided not to rejoin the retreating British Forces. He convinced himself that Indian soldiers had no cause to fight for the Britishers and instead fight the Britishers along with the Japanese. With this mission in his mind, he approached Major Fujiwara of Japan who assured him that Japan was prepared to go all out to assist India to attain independence. Major Fujiwara also declared that all Indian Prisoners of War, who were handed over to the Japanese Government by a British officer Col.Hunt on behalf of the  British Government, would be under the control  of Captain Mohan Singh.

    To consolidate the Indian Independence movement in South-East Asia and determine the nature of Japanese assistance to the movement, two conferences were held in Tokyo and Bangkok in March and June 1942, respectively where the important decision to raise the Indian National Army was taken. On 1 September 1942, the Indian National Army (Azad Hind Fauz) was officially formed in Singapore.

Role in the Indian National Army

   The formation of the Indian National Army represented a milestone in the history of India’s  freedom struggle. Durga Malla was one of those who played an important role in the formation of the Indian National Army. In 1942, he not only joined this Army with a patriotic zeal but also inspired his fellow men to join it.

   Initially, Durga Malla was given the responsibility to mobilize volunteers for the Indian National Army from different Gorkha battalions. Later, by virtue of his patriotic feelings, his sense of duty towards his country and his valour, he earned promotion to the rank of Major.

At the War Front

Shaheed Stambh at the place where Durga Malla was hanged by the Britishers.

Shaheed Stambh at the place where Durga Malla was hanged by the Britishers.

  

When after the formation of the Provisional Azad Hind Government under the supreme command   of Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose war was declared against the Allied Forces on 25 october 1943, soldiers of different branches of the Indian National Army were deployed on the fronts. Durga Malla was  posted in the Intelligence Branch. He, along with some other fellow soldiers entered the hilly area of the then greater Assam across Burma border. There he used to collect and send important information regarding matters of strategic importance to the headquarters of Indian National Army in Rangoon despite the shortage  of supplies, ammunitions and weapons and adverse geographical conditions. On 27 March 1944, when Durga Malla was on a mission to collect information of the enemy camps, he was captured by the soldiers of enemy side at Ukhrul in Manipur near Kohima.

 

Prisoner of War and Trial

After his arrest, Durga Malla was kept in the prison at Red Fort, New Delhi as a prisoner of war. He was prosecuted by military court under section 41 of the Indian Army Law and section 121 of the Indian Penal Code. He was given death sentence by the Court Martial, the court of trial before which he was tried at Red Fort. That was the time when the imperialist British rulers were trying to suppress the Indian freedom struggle by all means. Therefore, before the death sentence was finally executed, the British authorities tried to coax Major Durga Malla into confessing the wrong and promised him grant of remission if he could do so. But it was against the wishes of Veer Durga Malla whose only objective was to get the country free. He preferred to embrace the gallows rather than accepting the proposal of the British rulers. All persuasions having failed, Durga Malla’s wife Smt. Sharda Devi was brought before him at the prison cell as the last resort. British authorities were of the opinion that she would persuade her husband to apologise. But Major Malla yielded to no devices of the British authorities. On the contrary, he gave his wife his last words by saying.”Sharda, I am sacrificing my life for the freedom of my motherland. You need not be worried and distressed. Crores of Hindustanis will be with you after my death. The Sacrifice I am offering, shall not go in vain. India shall be free. I am confident, this is only a matter of time.”

Supreme Sacrifice

   On 15th August 1944, Veer Durga, the great patriot, was taken to Delhi Central Jail from the Red Fort. After ten days, on 25th August 1944, he was sent to the gallows. Thus ended the journey of one more noble son of mother India who laid down his precious life at the altar of Freedom. Durga Malla’s Physical body is no more but he sacrificed himself after leading a meaningful life of only 31 years and became immortal.

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An Interview with Young Gorkha Boxing Sensation SHIVA THAPA

Posted by Ramesh Khati on June 13, 2009

I WAS BORN TO BE A BOXER –Shiva Thapa

Mission 2012 London Olympics

Mission 2012 London Olympics

He played soccer like any other next door guy, cricket never could fascinate him and barely at 7 he donned the boxing gloves that brought international gold medal for the nation and glory for the 16 years old boxer from Assam. Promising young Indian boxer Shiva Thapa in an exclusive interview with Nanda Kirati Dewan at his Birubari residence in Guwahati spoke his heart out. In a reply to a question “If not a boxer What would Shiva Thapa be?”….. After a pause with a sweet innocent smile “Sir, I was born to be a Boxer.” Recently Shiva won a bronze medal at the World Junior Boxing Championship in Armenia. Here are the excerpts of interview

Shiva Thapa, who bagged a Bronze medal in the recently concluded World Junior Boxing Championship 2009 held at Armenia seen given a heroes welcome by the Assam Amateur Boxing Association in the streets of Guwahati, Assam on 03-06-09.

Shiva Thapa, who bagged a Bronze medal in the recently concluded World Junior Boxing Championship 2009 held at Armenia seen given a heroes welcome by the Assam Amateur Boxing Association in the streets of Guwahati, Assam on 03-06-09.

NKD.:- Shiva, Congratulations for the laurels you brought for the nation and state!
Shiva.: Its my pleasure and I m really honoured. Thank You Sir.

NKD. :- Shiva be formal…. No more Sir OK.
Shiva. :-
No Sir…. I m OK.

Shiva with his parents Padam Thapa and Goma Thapa

Shiva with his parents Padam Thapa and Goma Thapa

NKD.:- But I m not OK dear … Shiva how did boxing happen?
Shiva.:- Initially like any other next door guy I too played soccer and I need to admit that I was good with soccer too. Later at one staged I tried myself with taekwondo also and I excelled in it too. But finally under my father I took up an individual game as my brother Gobind Thapa is also a boxer. I was only 7 years when I donned the boxing gloves.

NKD. :- Where were you trained initially?

Shiva.:- Intially I was trained in this room ( We are in the drawing room of  Mr. Padam Thapa’s residence where medals, citations, trophies, jhapis and other felicitated decorative items were decorated) by my father. I should say that my father Padam Thapa is a cultured sportsman and has this spirit even today. He is first coach. It was he who took me to Sports Authority of India(SAI), Guwahati and got admitted their for nurturing my talent at that time I was barely 7.

NKD. : – Technically boxing is known to be a power game. How does Shiva generate that power?
Shiva.: – The concept that boxing is a power game; I as a boxer totally disagree with it. Boxing is more a mind game. More than a healthy person an intelligent man with good fitness can take up this game. It is not that the hard hit gets point. Boxing today more than a power is a mind game.
I work out everyday in the gym, go for a morning walk early morning, eat lot of salad and drink adequate water. I avoid junk and oily food. I take a total balanced diet as suggested by my coach and federation. And the best part I practice everyday.

NKD. :- How do you plan your game in the ring? Not the secrets but the truths that every body has seen you?
Shiva:- There is no harm sharing secrets to you because game plan is always very flexible. It differs from game to game and opponent. For instance if my opponent is tall I would prefer to play like a tempo boxer. The best thing is to “Float like a Butterfly and Sting like a Bee”- a famous quotation on boxing by the Great Md Ali.

All SMILES on his face

All SMILES on his face

NKD. : – Then Shiva idolizes Mike Tyson? What do you like about him. How would you react on meeting him?
Shiva. : –
Yes Mike Tyson has been my idol before I donned the boxing gloves. I saw him playing this game on television when I was 6 as my boxer brother used to watch it. I like Tyson’s respect and love for the game. He executes each punch so skillfully that he always tries gain a point from every punch he blows. His techniques are fabulous I wish I can learn his techniques in future. His will power and fitness is also enviable.
Meeting Tyson would be a part of dream coming true. However my dream and aim is only one to bag a gold medal at the Olympics donning the tri-colour for my country. I would love to meet him in any of the international event or at the 2012 Olympics. On meeting as per a tradition of my nation and Gorkha community I would bow before him and seek his blessing.

Shiva with his 1st coach his father Padam Thapa

Shiva with his 1st coach his father Padam Thapa

NKD. :- I wish all your dreams comes true. The nation’s blessings and best wishes are always with you.
Shiva. : – Thank You. I would love to make my countrymen proud and I seek their prayers and blessings. I thank all my country men for their support till date I hope the shower of love and blessing would continue on me till I answer them with a gold medal at the Olympics and even there after….

NKD. : – What are you doing as of now other than boxing?
Shiva. : – I am 12th class student in Poona College. Academically too I am not crammer I secured 1st division in my HSLC exam as well I have several times topped my class. Recently I passed my 10+1 exam and enrolled myself 12th std. I stay in Pune and getting trained at Army Sports Institute (ASI), Pune under Mission Olympics. However my interests are 80% on boxing and 20% on studies. I skip lot of classes following my practice session and events. Before my induction into the institute, I learnt to trade punches at the Sports Authority of India centre in Guwahati under coach Amar Deka. While representing the state, I won my first the Sub-Junior Nationals three years ago. It was at the ASI Pune where they selected me for the boys scouts programme,

Shiva Thapa in action at an International Event

Shiva Thapa in action at an International Event

NKD. : – You were noticed as a amateur boxer by Assam when bagged Gold in Titabor Jorhat at All Assam Invitational Junior/ Sub Junior tourney in 2004. When was Shiva noticed as a pugilist by the country?
Shiva: – It was at the 21st Sub- Junior National Boxing Championship 2005 in Noida UP where I ended up with a gold medal after beating services boxer having very good tract record. It was my first national appearance. Assam recognized me as a boxer the day I joined SAI Guwahati and donned the gloves.

NKD: – How does it feel the country recognizing Shiva Thapa as an international boxer whose family has a record of serving the nation in defence?
Shiva: – My ancestor has served the nation as defense personnel and I got the opportunity of serving the nation as a pugilists. It really feels proud wrapping the tri-colour standing in front of the globe. My first international appearance for my country was at the Hyder Aliyeve Cup at Azarbaizan in Russia in 2008 where I won a gold medal. My country erupted with joy and cheered me. Out of love and encouragement they nicknamed me “SHIVA ALI” after Mohammad Ali-the veteran Indian pugilist.

NKD: – How do you feel to be known as a Gorkha of Assam in a national side?
Shiva. : – Many veteran Gorkhas have palyed for this country. Ace shooter Jaspal Rana, Arjuna awardee Jaslal Pradhan, sensational footballer Sunil Chetri to name a few. I am one just Indian citizen. It doesnot make me feel different as a Gorkha but I am proud to have donned the tricolour. I as a Gorkha of Assam have been an integral part composite Assamese society. My community has been a mainstream ethnic community of Assam as I have learnt. Assam applauds my success and encourages me. It is really great feeling. Not only the Gorkhas, people of entire North East have extended huge support for me at the national events. I am pleased to have represented the North East.

NKD. : – On writing “Gorkhali” as your mother tongue in your International profile?
Shiva: – Everyone knows about an Independent nation Nepal which our closed neighbour. The citizen of Nepal writes Nepali as their citizen and mother tongue. If I use Nepali anywhere in my profile I would go to represent Nepal. My mentors in Pune tell me that Indian constitution recognizes Nepali language as Gorkhali in the constitution so in order to avoid confusion in the international arena I recognize myself as a Gorkha. My grandfather was a Gorkha soldier and I am a Gorkha boxer certainly not Nepali.

NKD. : – Your happiest moment?
Shiva. : – To be honest with you. The gold medal at Hyder Aliyeve Cup at Baku in Azerbaijan in Russia was my happiest moment. I am the 1st Indian ever till date to have won a gold medal in this tournament. My gold came in the 50kg category against Azerbaijan’s Gurbanzade Saikhan.

Shiva (Extreme Left) with his family

Shiva (Extreme Left) with his family

NKD. : – Tell us something about your family?
Shiva. : – I am the most pampered and youngest in my family. My father by profession a small scale business man owing small steel furniture shop a leading telecom franchisee in Guwahati. My brother Gobind Thapa is a silver medalist boxer at the 33rd Guwahati National Games. All four of my sisters are very supportive. My mother Goma Thapa is a house wife.

NKD. : – Apart from boxing what does Shiva love to do in leisure time?
Shiva:- I listen to music a lot. I listen scores of English, Nepali, Hindi and Assamese music. I am tuned with music than the lyrics. It energizes me as it gives relaxation after practice. Whenever I have sufficient leisure time I love to swim. I do all activities like any guy of my age does.

NKD. : – How does this golden boxer handle success?
Shiva. : – I am never carried away by success. Fame coming by the way of my success is a moral booster. Organisation from different background has felicitated me. I thank them all through you.

NKD. : – “If not a boxer What would Shiva Thapa be?”
Shiva. : – After a pause with a sweet innocent smile ……..“Sir, I was born to be a Boxer.”

NKD.:- Your take on our conversation?
Shiva. :- Honestly more than interview it was like a chat at my home with a relative. Anyways it was really very pleasant talking to you. Thank you for your efforts to highlight me in your esteemed publication. I look forward for your association in future too.

NKD. :- Sure Shiva. Thank you for sparing your valuable time with me.
Shiva. :-
Mention not. Lets go for lunch Sir.

NKD. :- Finally one sentence for budding pugilists..
Shiva, :- “Float like a Butterfly and Sting like a Bee”
NKD. :- All the Best for your future Shiva.
Shiva. :- Thank You Sir.

Shiva with Journalist Nanda Kr

Shiva with Journalist Nanda Kr

Thereafter Shiva started packing off his luggage as he was leaving Pune that evening and thereafter to Uzbekistan for two months. He is also all set to play for Assam at the 34th National Games in Jharkhand. He is expected to represent India at the Commonwealth Games in 2010 in New Delhi. The pugilist is confident of booking a ticket to London 2012 Olympics and bring home a gold medal.

Photo Courtesy:- Pitamber Newar(PTI), Padam Thapa and N K Dewan(UB Photos)

Nanda Kirati Dewan

Nanda Kirati Dewan


The writer Nanda Kirati Dewan is Principal Correspondent; Assam Times, North East News Bureau,Gorkhatimes, Darjeeling Times and Photojournalist/Reporter/News Editor with UB Photos. He also has been voted as TOP 10 Gorkhali of Assam by “Saparivar” magazine and is an active executive member of AAGSU. Mr. Dewan can be contacted at nandadewan@gmail.com or dewan88@rediffmail.com and at +919864077700 (M)

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Let’s know Danny Denzongpa

Posted by Ramesh Khati on April 22, 2009

Danny Denzongpa

Danny Denzongpa

Danny Denzongpa

Tshering Phintso “Danny” Denzongpa (born February 25, 1948) is an Indian actor. Denzongpa was born in the state of Sikkim, at that time an independent monarchy. He has acted in numerous Hindi films such as Ashoka and 16 December. He has also starred in an international films, the most famous being Seven Years in Tibet where he acted alongside Hollywood actor Brad Pitt. In 2003, Denzongpa was awarded the Padma Shree, India’s fourth highest civilian honour. Denzongpa is noted for his roles as a villain. He is also the only actor to have come from Sikkim.

Early career

A Young Danny

A Young Danny

As a boy Denzongpa used to tend to horses in his village in Sikkim. He nursed an ambition to join the Indian Army, and won the Best Cadet award from West Bengal and participated in the Republic Day parade. In an interview to The Times of India newspaper he told that he had qualified for the prestigious Armed Forces Medical College however after the Sino-Indian War of 1962, his mother pleaded with him to give up joining the army after several people of their village were killed. Danny then enrolled in the Film institute in Pune.

Film career

Danny in film Fakira-1976

Danny in film Fakira-1976

During his early film career, Danny used to practice learning Urdu, the lingua franca of Bollywood at that time by talking to the ocean. The Urdu came in handy in films such as Sawan Kumar’s Sanam Bewafa and Mukul Anand’s Khuda Gawah where he played the role of Pathans.

He started out with B-grade movies such as Zaroorat in 1971, and later moved on to Mere Apne and Kala Sona where he played more positive roles. He then went on to play the roles of the villain in numerous roles. Some of the antihero roles he played were an unscrupulous politician, corrupt policeman, traitor, and mingy landlord. He got his major break in Gulzar’s Mere Apne, and later in B R Chopra’s Dhund where he played a crippled and frustrated husband. He missed out on one of the most famous villain roles in Indian Cinema, that of Gabbar Singh for Sholay. He was the original choice for the role but had to back out because of a clash of dates. The character later became an icon and made Amjad Khan a star overnight.

He is also an accomplished singer having sung with Lata Mangeshkar, Mohammed Rafi and Asha Bhonsle, three stalwarts of Indian music. He has released Nepalese songs and has sung for Nepalese movies. His two most famous songs are “Chiso Chiso Hawama”, and “Rato Rani Phule”. He is also a painter, a writer and a sculptor. Denzongpa owns two breweries, one in South Sikkim, and the other in the state of Orissa.

He is currently acting in his first South Indian film, Endhiran, starring Rajinikanth and Aishwarya Rai.

Awards and Honours

Danny Denzongpa

Danny Denzongpa

2003: Padma Shri, India’s 4th highest civilian honour.

Filmfare Awards

1993: Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for Khuda Gawah(1992).
1992: Filmfare Best Supporting Actor Award for Sanam Bewafa(1991).

Films

A scene from his Film

A scene from his Film

  • Endhiran (2010) (Filming)
  • Karzzzz (2008)
  • Chamku (2008)
  • Big Brother (2007)
  • Hattrick (2007)
  • Frozen (2007)
  • Jaan Ki Baazi (2006) (post-production)
  • Ab Tumhare Hawale Watan Saathiyo (2004) (Colonel Ashfaque Khan)
  • Shikaar (2004)
  • Sandhya (2003)
  • Parwana (2003)
  • Ek Hindustani (2003) (Special Appearance)
  • Soch (2002) …. Nautiyal
  • Ab Ke Baras (2002) …. CBI Officer Sikander Baksh
  • 16 December (2002) …. Vir Vijay Singh
  • Yeh Mohabbat Hai (2002) …. Aman Khan
  • Moksha (2001) …. Bachelor Simon
  • Indian (2001) …. Shankar Singhania
  • Lajja (2001) (aka The Shame)…. Gajendra
  • Asoka (2001) …. Virat … aka Ashoka the Great (India: English title) (USA) … aka Samrat Ashoka (India: Tamil title: dubbed version)
  • Pukar (2000) …. Abhrush
  • Officer (2000) …. Pratap Rai/Dushyant Singh
  • Tune Mera Dil Le Liya (2000)
  • Silsila Hai Pyar Ka (1999) …. Jabhal Khargoshi
  • Dahek: A Burning Passion (1999) …. Jabbar Bahkshi
  • Kohram: The Explosion (1999) …. Minister Virbhadra Singh
  • Zulm O Situm (1998) …. Sikander
  • Vinashak – Destroyer (1998) …. Jailer Lankeshwar
  • China Gate (1998) …. Maj. Ranjir Singh Gurung
  • Udaan (1997) …. Mr. Rana
  • Seven Years in Tibet (1997) …. Regent
  • Dhaal: The Battle of Law Against Law (1997) …. Advocate Indrajit Diwan
  • Himalay Putra (1997) …. Rana
  • Ghatak: Lethal (1996) …. Katya
  • Rajkumar (1996)
  • Army (1996) …. Naagraj
  • Shastra (1996) …. Babu
  • Barsaat (1995) …. ACP Neghi
  • Sarhad: The Border of Crime (1995)
  • Vijaypath (1994)
  • Chauraha (1994) …. Baba Bhatti
  • Krantiveer (1994) …. Chatursingh
  • Mohabbat Ki Arzoo (1994) …. Jagpal Singh alias Jaggu dada
  • 1942: A Love Story (1993) (as Danny Dengzongpa) …. Major Hisht Dhartiputra (1993)
  • Gurudev (1993) (as Danny Denzongappa) …. Khakan
  • Prateeksha (1993) …. Dinesh Khanna … aka Prateeksha (India: Hindi title: alternative transliteration)
  • Sangram (1993) …. Madhu’s father
  • Tahqiqaat (1993) …. Bhanu Pratap
  • Drohi (1992) …. J.P. Sethi (Raghav’s boss)
  • Antam (1992) …. J.P.Sethi … aka Anth (India: Hindi title: dubbed version)
  • Balwaan (1992) …. Bhai
  • Khule-Aam (1992) …. INSP. Uday Singh/INSP. Ranvir Singh Rathod
  • Khuda Gawah (1992) …. Khuda Baksh … aka God Is My Witness
  • Lakshmanrekha (1991) …. Birju … aka Lakhsman Rekha (India: Hindi title: alternative transliteration)
  • Vishnu-Devaa (1991) …. Thakur Shamsher Singh/Samppat
  • Hum (1991) …. Bakhtawar … aka We
  • Sanam Bewafa (1991) …. Sher Khan
  • First Love Letter (1991) …. Thakur Ajit Singh
  • Yodha (1991) …. Daaga/Justice Dharmesh Agnihotri
  • Agneepath (1990) …. Kancha Cheena … aka The Path of Fire
  • Pyaar Ke Naam Qurban (1990) …. Prince Yeshwant Singh
  • Baaghi (1990)
  • Chingariyan (1990)
  • Jagira (1990)
  • Shandaar (1990) …. Dhaga
  • Shesh Naag (1990)
  • Shehzaade (1989) (uncredited) …. Thakur Roshan Singh
  • Jung Baaz (1989) (as Danny) …. Mahakal
  • Kasam Suhaag Ki (1989)
  • Galiyon Ka Badshah (1989) …. Inspector Vijay
  • Khoj (1989)
  • Saaya (1989)
  • Ustad (1989) .. aka Conman (International: English title)
  • Commando (1988) …. Ninja
  • Shoorveer (1988) …. Shankar
  • Ek Hi Maqsad (1988) …. Inspector. Deepak
  • Mardon Wali Baat (1988) …. Raja Sunder Singh … aka A Man’s Job
  • Gunahon Ka Faisla (1988) …. Dacoit
  • Janam Janam (1988)
  • Jeete Hain Shaan Se (1988)
  • Mera Shikar (1988)
  • Paap Ki Duniya (1988) …. Pasha
  • Yateem (1988) …. Girivar Prasad Mathur
  • Itihaas (1987)
  • Aag Hi Aag (1987) …. Daulat Singh/Choudhury
  • Deewana Tere Naam Ka (1987) …. Shambhu
  • Chambal Ka Badshah (1986) …. Sultan
  • Bhagwan Dada (1986) (as Danny) …. Shambu Dada
  • Adhikar (1986) …. Vishal’s lawyer (special appearance)
  • Allah Rakha (1986)
  • Maha Shaktiman (1985) … aka Maharudra (India: Bengali title)
  • Yudh (1985) …. Gama Maating/Mr. Chinoy
  • Jawaab (1985) …. Seth. Jagmohan
  • Aandhi Toofan (1985)
  • Aitbaar (1985) …. Inspector Barua … aka Trust
  • Oonche Log (1985) …. Thakur Maan Singh… aka High Society
  • Patthar Dil (1985) …. Jung Bahadur
  • Andar Baahar (1984) …. Shera
  • Farishta (1984)
  • Boxer (1984/I) (as Danny) …. Dharma
  • Jagir (1984) …. Danny … aka Teen Murti (India: Bengali title) … aka The Estate … aka The Three Idols
  • Kanoon Kya Karega (1984) … aka What Can the Law Do?
  • Manzil Manzil (1984) …. Gautam (Pahadi Baba)
  • Mera Dost Mera Dushman (1984)
  • Pyaar Jhukta Nahin (1984)
  • Mujhe Insaaf Chahiye (1983)
  • Lovers (1983/I)
  • Ganga Meri Maa (1983)
  • Andha Kanoon (1983) …. Akhbar
  • Raj Mahal (1982)
  • Kachche Heere (1982) …. Arjun … aka Rough Diamonds
  • Love Story (1981) …. Ram Dogra
  • Chunaoti (1980)
  • Kali Ghata (1980)
  • Abdullah (1980)
  • Bandish (1980/I) …. Kapilkumar … aka Restriction
  • Bulundi (1980)
  • The Burning Train (1980)
  • Choron Ki Baraat (1980)
  • Phir Wohi Raat (1980) …. Ashok
  • Griha Pravesh (1979) (as Danny) … aka The Housewarming
  • Aaj Ki Dhara (1979) (as Danny) … aka Aaj Ki Radha
  • Lahu Ke Do Rang (1979) … aka Two Shades of Blood
  • Devata (1978) …. Inspector Lawrence … aka Devta (India: Hindi title: alternative transliteration)
  • Naya Daur (1978) … aka The New Age
  • Aashiq Hoon Baharon Ka (1977) …. Vikram (Jamunadas’ son)
  • Abhi To Jee Lein (1977) …. Danny … aka Abhi To (India: Hindi title: alternative title)
  • Chandi Sona (1977)
  • Khel Khiladi Ka (1977)
  • Mit Jayenge Mitane Wale (1977)
  • Paapi (1977) (as Danny Danzongappa) …. Abdul
  • Fakira (1976) …. Munna/Ajay/Toofan
  • Kalicharan (1976)
  • Laila Majnu (1976) …. Prince Bahksh
  • Sangram (1976) …. Salim/Altaf
  • Dharmatma (1975) (as Danny) … aka The Holy Soul (International: English title)
  • Aakhri Dao (1975) …. Robert
  • Apne Rang Hazaar (1975)
  • Kala Sona (1975)
  • Ponga Pandit (1975) …. Rocky
  • Raftaar (1975)
  • Rani Aur Lalpari (1975)
  • Zorro (1975/II)
  • Chor Machaye Shor (1974)
  • 36 Ghante (1974) …. Dilawar Khan
  • Khotte Sikkay (1974) …. Danny … aka False Coins
  • Dhund (1973) …. Thakur Ranjit Singh (crippled husband) … aka Fog … aka Trance
  • Milap (1972)
  • Rakhi Aur Hathkadi (1972) …. Raja
  • Yeh Gulistan Hamara (1972) … aka This Garden Is Ours
  • Mere Apne (1971) …. Sanju
  • Zaroorat (1971)

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Let’s Know Barack Obama

Posted by Ramesh Khati on April 15, 2009

Barack Hussein ObamaBarack Hussein Obama

Biography: Barack Hussein Obama was born Aug. 4, 1961, in Honolulu, Hawaii. His father, Barack Obama, Sr., was born of Luo ethnicity in Nyanza Province, Kenya. He grew up herding goats with his own father, who was a domestic servant to the British. Although reared among Muslims, Obama, Sr., became an atheist at some point.

Obama’s mother, Ann Dunham, grew up in Wichita, Kansas. Her father worked on oil rigs during the Depression. After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, he signed up for service in World War II and marched across Europe in Patton’s army. Dunham’s mother went to work on a bomber assembly line. After the war, they studied on the G. I. Bill, bought a house through the Federal Housing Program, and moved to Hawaii.

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Meantime, Barack’s father had won a scholarship that allowed him to leave Kenya pursue his dreams in Hawaii. At the time of his birth, Obama’s parents were students at the East–West Center of the University of Hawaii at Manoa.

Obama’s parents separated when he was two years old and later divorced. Obama’s father went to Harvard to pursue Ph. D. studies and then returned to Kenya.

His mother married Lolo Soetoro, another East–West Center student from Indonesia. In 1967, the family moved to Jakarta, where Obama’s half-sister Maya Soetoro–Ng was born. Obama attended schools in Jakarta, where classes were taught in the Indonesian language.

Four years later when Barack (commonly known throughout his early years as “Barry”) was ten, he returned to Hawaii to live with his maternal grandparents, Madelyn and Stanley Dunham, and later his mother (who died of ovarian cancer in 1995).

He was enrolled in the fifth grade at the esteemed Punahou Academy, graduating with honors in 1979. He was only one of three black students at the school. This is where Obama first became conscious of racism and what it meant to be an African–American.


barack-obama-with-his-fathers-mother-akumu-in-kenya2
In his memoir, Obama described how he struggled to reconcile social perceptions of his multiracial heritage. He saw his biological father (who died in a 1982 car accident) only once (in 1971) after his parents divorced. And he admitted using alcohol, marijuana and cocaine during his teenage years.

After high school, Obama studied at Occidental College in Los Angeles for two years. He then transferred to Columbia University in New York, graduating in 1983 with a degree in political science.


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After working at Business International Corporation (a company that provided international business information to corporate clients) and NYPIRG, Obama moved to Chicago in 1985. There, he worked as a community organizer with low-income residents in Chicago’s Roseland community and the Altgeld Gardens public housing development on the city’s South Side.
It was during this time that Obama, who said he “was not raised in a religious household,” joined the Trinity United Church of Christ. He also visited relatives in Kenya, which included an emotional visit to the graves of his father and paternal grandfather.
Obama entered Harvard Law School in 1988. In February 1990, he was elected the first African–American editor of the Harvard Law Review. Obama graduated magna cum laude in 1991.
After law school, Obama returned to Chicago to practice as a civil rights lawyer, joining the firm of Miner, Barnhill & Galland. He also taught at the University of Chicago Law School. And he helped organize voter registration drives during Bill Clinton’s 1992 presidential campaign.
Obama published an autobiography in 1995 Dreams From My Father: A Story of Race and Inheritance. And he won a Grammy for the audio version of the book.
Obama’s advocacy work led him to run for the Illinois State Senate as a Democrat. He was elected in 1996 from the south side neighborhood of Hyde Park.
During these years, Obama worked with both Democrats and Republicans in drafting legislation on ethics, expanded health care services and early childhood education programs for the poor. He also created a state earned-income tax credit for the working poor. And after a number of inmates on death row were found innocent, Obama worked with law enforcement officials to require the videotaping of interrogations and confessions in all capital cases.
In 2000, Obama made an unsuccessful Democratic primary run for the U. S. House of Representatives seat held by four-term incumbent candidate Bobby Rush.
Following the 9/11 attacks, Obama was an early opponent of President George W. Bush’s push to war with Iraq. Obama was still a state senator when he spoke against a resolution authorizing the use of force against Iraq during a rally at Chicago’s Federal Plaza in October 2002.
“I am not opposed to all wars. I’m opposed to dumb wars,” he said. “What I am opposed to is the cynical attempt by Richard Perle and Paul Wolfowitz and other arm-chair, weekend warriors in this Administration to shove their own ideological agendas down our throats, irrespective of the costs in lives lost and in hardships borne.”
“He’s a bad guy,” Obama said, referring to Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein. “The world, and the Iraqi people, would be better off without him. But I also know that Saddam poses no imminent and direct threat to the United States, or to his neighbors, that the Iraqi economy is in shambles, that the Iraqi military a fraction of its former strength, and that in concert with the international community he can be contained until, in the way of all petty dictators, he falls away into the dustbin of history.”
“I know that even a successful war against Iraq will require a U. S. occupation of undetermined length, at undetermined cost, with undetermined consequences,” Obama continued. “I know that an invasion of Iraq without a clear rationale and without strong international support will only fan the flames of the Middle East, and encourage the worst, rather than best, impulses of the Arab world, and strengthen the recruitment arm of al-Qaeda.”
The war with Iraq began in 2003 and Obama decided to run for the U.S. Senate open seat vacated by Republican Peter Fitzgerald. In the 2004 Democratic primary, he won 52 percent of the vote, defeating multimillionaire businessman Blair Hull and Illinois Comptroller Daniel Hynes.
That summer, he was invited to deliver the keynote speech in support of John Kerry at the 2004 Democratic National Convention in Boston. Obama emphasized the importance of unity, and made veiled jabs at the Bush administration and the diversionary use of wedge issues.
“We worship an awesome God in the blue states, and we don’t like federal agents poking around our libraries in the red states,” he said. “We coach Little League in the blue states, and yes, we’ve got some gay friends in the red states. There are patriots who opposed the war in Iraq, and there are patriots who supported the war in Iraq. We are one people, all of us pledging allegiance to the Stars and Stripes, all of us defending the United States of America.”
After the convention, Obama returned to his U.S. Senate bid in Illinois. His opponent in the general election was suppose to be Republican primary winner Jack Ryan, a wealthy former investment banker. However, Ryan withdrew from the race in June 2004, following public disclosure of unsubstantiated sexual allegations by Ryan’s ex wife, actress Jeri Ryan.
In August 2004, diplomat and former presidential candidate Alan Keyes, who was also an African American, accepted the Republican nomination to replace Ryan. In three televised debates, Obama and Keyes expressed opposing views on stem cell research, abortion, gun control, school vouchers and tax cuts.
In the November 2004 general election, Obama received 70% of the vote to Keyes’s 27%, the largest electoral victory in Illinois history. Obama became only the third African American elected to the U.S. Senate since Reconstruction.
Sworn into office January 4, 2005, Obama partnered with Republican Sen. Richard Lugar of Indiana on a bill t6American Dream, was published in October 2006.
In February 2007, Obama made headlines when he announced his candidacy for the 2008 Democratic presidential nomination. He was locked in a tight battle with former first lady and current U.S. Senator from New York, Hillary Rodham Clinton until he became the presumptive nominee on June 3, 2008.
Obama met his wife, Michelle, in 1988 when he was a summer associate at the Chicago law firm of Sidley & Austin. They were married in October 1992 and live in Kenwood on Chicago’s South Side with their daughters, Malia (born 1998) and Sasha (born 2001).

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